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Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Jul;26(14):5509-17.

Functional and physical interaction of yeast Mgs1 with PCNA: impact on RAD6-dependent DNA damage tolerance.

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  • 1Genome Dynamics Group, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 3-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. hishida@biken.osaka-u.ac.jp


Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a sliding clamp required for processive DNA synthesis, provides attachment sites for various other proteins that function in DNA replication, DNA repair, cell cycle progression and chromatin assembly. It has been shown that differential posttranslational modifications of PCNA by ubiquitin or SUMO play a pivotal role in controlling the choice of pathway for rescuing stalled replication forks. Here, we explored the roles of Mgs1 and PCNA in replication fork rescue. We provide evidence that Mgs1 physically associates with PCNA and that Mgs1 helps suppress the RAD6 DNA damage tolerance pathway in the absence of exogenous DNA damage. We also show that PCNA sumoylation inhibits the growth of mgs1 rad18 double mutants, in which PCNA sumoylation and the Srs2 DNA helicase coordinately prevent RAD52-dependent homologous recombination. The proposed roles for Mgs1, Srs2, and modified PCNA during replication arrest highlight the importance of modulating the RAD6 and RAD52 pathways to avoid genome instability.

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