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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Aug 18;347(1):279-87. Epub 2006 Jun 21.

Recruitment of TIP47 to lipid droplets is controlled by the putative hydrophobic cleft.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Molecular Cell Biology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.


Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) and TIP47 show sequence similarity, particularly in their N-terminal PAT-1 domain. Under standard culture conditions, ADRP existed in most lipid droplets (LDs), whereas TIP47 was observed only in some LDs and recruited to LDs on treatment with fatty acids. By analyzing deletion mutants, we found that the C-terminal half of TIP47, or more specifically the putative hydrophobic cleft [S.J. Hickenbottom, A.R. Kimmel, C. Londos, J.H. Hurley, Structure of a lipid droplet protein; the PAT family member TIP47, Structure (Camb) 12 (2004) 1199-1207.], was involved in LD targeting and responsiveness to fatty acids. The result contrasted with that observed for ADRP and implied a distinct LD-targeting mechanism for TIP47. Consistent with this, overexpression of Rab18 decreased ADRP, but not TIP47, from LDs, and TIP47 did not displace pre-existing ADRP from LDs. But ADRP may be a factor to control the TIP47 behavior, because TIP47 in LDs increased upon down-regulation of ADRP. The results suggested that the putative hydrophobic cleft is critical for the unique characteristics of TIP47.

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