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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2006;141(1):61-9. Epub 2006 Jun 28.

Interleukin-10-treated dendritic cells do not inhibit Th2 immune responses in ovalbumin/alum-sensitized mice.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany. bellinghausen@hautklinik.klinik.uni-mainz.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It is well known that the immunoregulatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 inhibits the accessory function of human dendritic cells (DC) in vitro. Recently, we have shown that these IL-10 DC inhibit the production of T helper cell 1 (Th1) and T helper cell 2 (Th2) cytokines by T cells from atopic individuals in vitro. The current study was set out to analyze whether IL-10 DC also exert inhibitory effects in vivo in a murine model of allergy to ovalbumin adsorbed to the adjuvant aluminium hydroxide (OVA/alum).

METHODS:

OVA-pulsed or unpulsed bone marrow-derived DC, treated with IL-10 or left untreated during generation, were injected intravenously into BALB/c mice prior to and during OVA/alum sensitization, and sera and immune responses of mesenterial lymph node cells were analyzed. Additionally, bronchoalveolar lavage was performed after intranasal challenge with OVA.

RESULTS:

Treatment of BALB/c mice with OVA-pulsed DC led to a significantly enhanced proliferation as well as Th2 (IL-4, IL-5), Th1 (interferon-gamma) and IL-10 cytokine production after restimulation of lymph node cells with OVA in vitro compared with OVA immunization alone. In contrast, using OVA-pulsed IL-10 DC for transfer, proliferation and cytokine production by lymph node cells were not enhanced. OVA-specific immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) and IgG2a production were significantly increased after transfer of OVA-pulsed DC and OVA-pulsed IL-10 DC, respectively, whereas anti-OVA IgE production and airway eosinophilia remained unchanged.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data indicate that IL-10 treatment of DC decreases the Th1 and Th2 stimulatory capacity of DC but does not actually inhibit systemic (IgE) and local (airway inflammation) allergen-specific immune responses in a murine model of allergy.

Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
16804328
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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