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Neurology. 2006 Jun 27;66(12):1850-4.

Value of 123I-MIBG radioactivity in the differential diagnosis of DLB from AD.

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  • 1Department of Neurology and Neurobiology of Aging, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Japan. myoshita@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the diagnostic reliability of cardiac iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) radioactivity in discriminating dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) from Alzheimer disease (AD) regardless of parkinsonism.

BACKGROUND:

The diagnosis of DLB may be confounded by the absence of parkinsonism. This highlights the need to improve the accuracy of antemortem diagnosis of DLB without parkinsonism.

METHODS:

Cardiac sympathetic denervation was examined using myocardial (123)I-MIBG scintigraphy in 37 patients with DLB, 42 patients with AD, and 10 normal elderly controls. The DLB patients consisted of seven patients without parkinsonism (DLB/P-) and 30 patients with parkinsonism (DLB/P+) at the time of the study.

RESULTS:

The heart-to-mediastinum uptake ratio (H/M ratio) of myocardial MIBG uptake was decreased in both the DLB groups vs the AD group (p < 0.0001) and control group (p < 0.0001). The washout rate (WR) was higher in the DLB group than in the control group (p < 0.0001) and AD group (p < 0.0001). No differences were found between the AD and control groups or between the DLB/P+ and DLB/P- groups in either the early or delayed H/M ratio or WR. In discriminating between DLB and AD, regardless of parkinsonism, the delayed H/M ratio had a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 100%, and a positive predictive value of 100% at a cutoff value of 1.68.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that dementia with Lewy bodies results in cardiac sympathetic denervation and that iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy is a sensitive tool for discriminating dementia with Lewy bodies from Alzheimer disease even in patients without parkinsonism.

PMID:
16801649
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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