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J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1991 Jun;7(2):210-37.

Botanical derivatives in mosquito control: a review.

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  • 1U.S. Army Biomedical Research and Development Laboratory, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702-5010.


A review on the reported uses of chemicals derived from botanical sources is presented, along with the part of the plant used for extraction, the mosquito species studied and the bioactivity observed for 344 plant species. Examples of phytochemicals evaluated against mosquitoes as general toxicants, growth and reproduction inhibitors, repellents and ovipositional deterrents are given. The effects of mosquito species and life stage specificity, solvents used for extraction, phototoxic activity and the geographical source from where the plant compounds are derived are discussed.

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