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Fam Relat. 2006 Apr;55(2):240-251.

Differential Predictors of African American and Hispanic Parent Retention in a Family-Focused Preventive Intervention.

Author information

  • 1J. Douglas Coatsworth is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies at the Pennsylvania State University, 110 South Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802 ( jdc15@psu.edu ). Larissa G. Duncan is a Doctoral Candidate in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies at the Pennsylvania State University, 110 South Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16803 ( lgd110@psu.edu ). Hilda Pantin is a Clinical Associate Professor at the Center for Family Studies, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1425 NW 10th Avenue, Sieron Building, 3rd Floor, Miami, FL 33136 ( hpantin@med.miami.edu ). José Szapocznik is a Professor and Director of the Center for Family Studies, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1425 NW 10th Avenue, Sieron Building, 2nd Floor, Miami, FL 33136 ( jszapocz@med.miami.edu ).

Abstract

Similarities and differences in predictors of retention/attendance patterns between African American and Hispanic parent participants (N = 143) from a family-focused preventive intervention were examined. Three broad retention pattern groups, nonattenders, variable attenders, and consistent high attenders, and 2 subgroups of the variable attendance group, decreasing low attenders and decreasing high attenders, were identified. In subgroup analyses, 3 significant discriminant functions were evident: 1 function classified Hispanic parents' retention patterns using sociodemographic indicators (e.g., educational attainment, household income) and 2 functions discriminated Hispanic and African American parents' patterns using family-level predictors (e.g., multiple caregivers attending the intervention, perceived barriers to participation). Implications are discussed in terms of strategies for improving methods of retaining participants in family-centered interventions conducted with ethnic minority families.

PMID:
16799701
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC1482728
Free PMC Article
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