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Vojnosanit Pregl. 2006 Jun;63(6):569-74.

[Gender differences in psychopathologic features of agoraphobia with panic disorder].

[Article in Serbian]

Author information

  • 1Klinicki centar Srbije, Institut za psihijatriju, Beograd, Srbija i Crna Gora. latasm@EUnet.yu

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM:

To examine gender differences in the major psychopathologic features in agoraphobia with panic disorder.

METHOD:

The study was conducted as a clinical study. The sample consisted of 119 patients, 32 men (26.9%) and 87 women (73.1%) with the basic diagnosis of agoraphobia with panic disorder. All the patients were evaluated with the clinical instruments suitable for the assessment of various clinical features associated with agoraphobia with panic disorder--questionnaires (the Hopkins Symptom Checklist 90, the Panic Appraisal Inventory, the Fear Questionnaire, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory), and the clinical rating scale (the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale). After the data collection, the sample was divided into two groups by the gender. Then the groups were compared.

RESULTS:

There were no differences between the genders in the global psychopathologic features (the age at the onset of a disorder, duration of a disorder, severity and frequency of panic attacks, intensity of general psychiatric symptoms, intensity of general anxiety and depression). The women, howerer, reported a subjective perception of a more severe agoraphobic avoidance and males were significantly more likely than the females to anticipate the serious somatic consequences of panic attacks and worry about somatic health.

CONCLUSION:

There were a few gender specific psychopathologic features in patients with agoraphobia with panic disorder, so further studies would be necessary to come to a more precise conclusion.

PMID:
16796023
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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