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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1991 Jun;10(3):227-33.

Dynorphin expression and Fos-like immunoreactivity following inflammation induced hyperalgesia are colocalized in spinal cord neurons.

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  • 1Neurobiology and Anesthesiology Branch, National Institute of Dental Research, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.


Fos and Fos-related proteins are increased in spinal dorsal horn neurons following noxious stimulation. The laminar location of neurons that exhibit this increase is coincident with those that exhibit an increase in dynorphin in a rat model of peripheral inflammation and hyperalgesia. In order to determine whether the increase in Fos or related proteins and dynorphin occurs in the same dorsal horn neurons, two kinds of double-labeling methods were used: in situ hybridization histochemistry to label dynorphin mRNA autoradiographically, and immunocytochemistry to label Fos and Fos-related proteins, or a double immunocytochemical method that labeled Fos and Fos-related proteins and dynorphin peptide with distinct chromagens. With both methods more than 80% of the neurons in laminae I, II, V and VI exhibiting an increase in either dynorphin mRNA or peptide following peripheral inflammation also colocalized increased nuclear Fos-like immunoreactivity. However, the number of neurons displaying increased Fos-like immunoreactivity was substantially greater than the number of neurons colocalizing increased dynorphin. These data suggest that the activation of nuclear Fos and Fos-related proteins may be related to the induction of dynorphin gene expression in a subpopulation of spinal cord neurons following peripheral inflammation and hyperalgesia.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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