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Ann Oncol. 2006 Sep;17(9):1412-7. Epub 2006 Jun 21.

Phase II trial of temozolomide and cisplatin followed by whole brain radiotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases: a GLOT-GFPC study.

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  • 1Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre-Bénite, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Brain metastases (BM) considerably worsen the prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The usefulness and choice of chemotherapy remain uncertain in this indication since these patients are excluded from most clinical trials. We conducted a phase II study to determine the efficacy and tolerability of up-front chemotherapy with association of temozolomide and cisplatin in NSCLC patients with BM.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Fifty NSCLC patients with BM received temozolomide (200 mg/m(2)/day for 5 days every 28 days) and cisplatin (75 mg/m(2) at day 1 of each cycle), up to six cycles, followed by whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT). An evaluation was carried out every two cycles and after WBRT. WBRT was performed earlier in case of progressive disease at any time or stable disease after cycle 4.

RESULTS:

Eight objective responses were achieved (16%). Overall median survival was 5 months. Median time to progression was 2.3 months. Ten patients (20%) presented a grade 3/4 neutropenia and 11 patients (22%) presented a grade 3/4 thrombopenia.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates a lack of efficacy of up-front chemotherapy with association of temozolomide and cisplatin in these patients. Nevertheless, it supports the feasibility of chemotherapy before brain radiotherapy in NSCLC patients with BM.

PMID:
16790516
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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