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Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Jul;85(7):619-27.

Characteristics and treatment of headache after traumatic brain injury: a focused review.

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  • 1Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Abstract

Headache is one of the most common complaints in patients with traumatic brain injury. By definition, headache that develops within 1 wk after head trauma (or within 1 wk after regaining consciousness) is referred to as posttraumatic headache (PTH). Although most PTH resolves within 6-12 mos after injury, approximately 18-33% of PTH persists beyond 1 yr. We performed a systematic literature review on this topic and found that many patients with PTH had clinical presentations very similar to tension-type headache (37% of all PTH) and migraine (29% of all PTH). Although there is no universally accepted protocol for treating PTH, many clinicians treat PTH as if they were managing primary headache. As a result of the heterogeneity in the terminology and paucity in prospective, well-controlled studies in this field, there is a definite need for conducting double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment trials in patients with PTH.

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PMID:
16788394
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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