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J Immunol. 2006 Jul 1;177(1):234-45.

IL-18 bridges innate and adaptive immunity through IFN-gamma and the CD134 pathway.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, USA.

Abstract

IL-18 induces inflammation resulting in either enhanced protection from pathogens or exacerbation of autoimmunity, and T cells are profoundly activated during these responses. How IL-18 influences T cell activation is unknown, but this study in mice shows that IL-18 boosted Ag-specific T cell clonal expansion of effector T cells and induced a subpopulation of IFN-gamma superproducing T cells. Commitment to IFN-gamma production through IL-18 was independent of NK cells and IL-12 but dependent on host-derived IFN-gamma. To determine how expansion of these effectors occurred, IL-18 was shown to induce OX40L on dendritic cells, whereas peptide stimulation induced CD134 (OX40) on specific T cells. CD134 blockade inhibited T cell effector expansion thereby reducing the number of IFN-gamma superproducers by 12-fold. Thus, independent of IL-12, IL-18 impacts T cell immunity throughout lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissue by bridging the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system through IFN-gamma and the CD134 costimulatory pathway.

PMID:
16785519
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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