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J Heart Valve Dis. 2006 May;15(3):322-8.

Aortic valve calcium content does not predict aortic valve area.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA. mohlere@uphs.upenn.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY:

Aortic stenosis (AS) is a common clinical problem which frequently necessitates aortic valve replacement (AVR). The traditional view of progressive AS is a 1:1 inverse relationship between valve calcium content and aortic valve area (AVA). However, this assumption has been based on subjective estimates of calcification on chest X-radiographic images. The study aim was to evaluate the relationship between AVA as measured with echocardiography compared to calcium quantification using electron beam computed tomography (EBT).

METHODS:

Sixty-one patients with an AVA between 0.7 and 2.0 cm2 underwent an EBT scan to evaluate the aortic valve calcium content.

RESULTS:

The mean (+/- SD) aortic valve Agatston calcium score was 1,458.4 +/- 1,362.2, and for the aortic valve volume score was 1,178.8 +/- 1,066.0. The aortic valve Agatston score did not correlate strongly with AVA (r = -0.34, 95% CI -0.54, -0.09; p = 0.007). The data pattern appeared curvilinear, with the poorest correlation noted for those patients with moderate and severe aortic valve calcification.

CONCLUSION:

The study findings support the hypothesis that the aortic valve orifice area decreases not only due to calcium accumulation but also to sclerotic processes.

PMID:
16784067
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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