Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Transplantation. 2006 Jun 15;81(11):1596-9.

Serial transplantation resulting in tolerance to an unrelated cord blood graft.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics and the Pediatric Stem Cell Transplantation Program, Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5200, USA.


Unrelated cord blood (UCB) hematopoietic stem cells were serially transplanted into two human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical siblings with T cell, B cell, natural killer cell severe combined immunodeficiency. Brother A received a 4/6-matched, HLA DRbeta1-identical but class I-disparate UCB graft after myeloablative dosages of busulfan, melphalan, and antithymocyte globulin. He experienced complete donor chimerism, severe acute gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and limited chronic skin GVHD that resolved with treatment. Two years later, brother B received unfractionated marrow from brother A after reduced-intensity conditioning with cyclophosphamide and antithymocyte globulin. Brother B experienced mixed-donor (i.e. original UCB) chimerism and no histologically documented GVHD. Both brothers are clinically well; brother A is in a fully immunologically reconstituted state. The uneventful course and progressive increase in donor chimerism after the second transplantation indicates that hematopoietic cells derived from the older brother's marrow engrafted without causing GVHD, suggesting that acquired tolerance to disparate unrelated HLA antigens was achieved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk