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J Perianesth Nurs. 2006 Jun;21(3):168-76.

Evidence-based perianesthesia care: accelerated postoperative recovery programs.

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  • 1Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA, USA.


Prolonged stress response after surgery can cause numerous adverse effects, including gastrointestinal dysfunction, muscle wasting, impaired cognition, and cardiopulmonary, infectious, and thromboembolic complications. These events can delay hospital discharge, extend convalescence, and negatively impact long-term prognosis. Recent advances in perioperative management practices have allowed better control of the stress response and improved outcomes for patients undergoing surgery. At the center of the current focus on improved outcomes are evidence-based fast-track surgical techniques and what is commonly referred to as "accelerated postoperative recovery programs." These programs require a multidisciplinary, coordinated effort, and nurses are essential to their successful implementation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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