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Exp Neurol. 2006 Sep;201(1):182-92. Epub 2006 Jun 12.

Potassium channel dysfunction and depolarized resting membrane potential in a cell model of SCA3.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Bonn Medical Center, Sigmund Freud-Strasse 25, D-53105 Bonn, Germany. monika.jeub@ukb.uni-bonn.de

Abstract

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is an autosomal dominant inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine repeat within the disease protein, ataxin-3. There is growing evidence that neuronal electrophysiological properties are altered in a variety of polyglutamine diseases such as Huntington's disease and SCA1 and that these alterations may contribute to disturbances of neuronal function prior to neurodegeneration. To elucidate possible electrophysiological changes in SCA3, we generated a stable PC12 cell model with inducible expression of normal and mutant human full-length ataxin-3 and analyzed the electrophysiological properties after induction of the recombinant ataxin-3 expression. Neuronally differentiated PC12 cells expressing the expanded form of ataxin-3 showed significantly decreased viabilities and developed ultrastructural changes resembling human SCA3. Prior to neuronal cell death, we found a significant reduction of the resting membrane potential and a hyperpolarizing shift of the activation curve of the delayed rectifier potassium current. These findings indicate that electrophysiological properties are altered in mutant ataxin-3 expressing neuronal cells and may contribute to neuronal dysfunction in SCA3.

PMID:
16765348
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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