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Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2006 Mar;41(3):247-51.

[The cardioprotective effect and mechanism of lumbrokinase].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Harbin Medical University, China.



To investigate the protective effect of lumbrokinase against myocardial ischemia and to further explore its underlying mechanisms.


The effect of lumbrokinase on myocardial ischemia was observed by a model of acute myocardial infarction due to permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery in rats. Patch-clamp technique and laser scanning confocal microscopy were utilized to study the action of lumbrokinase on L-type calcium current (ICa-L) and intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i).


Lumbrokinase decreased the infarct size of myocardium in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory rate of lumbrokinase at the dose of 20, 40 and 80 mg x kg(-1) was 7.7%, 34.6% and 46.2%, respectively. The electrophysiological studies displayed that, at + 10 mV, the ICa-L was markedly reduced from (-14.42 +/- 1.53) pA/pF to (-11.33 +/- 1.40) pA/pF (decreased by 21.4%, P <0.01) and (-9.92 +/- 1.31) pA/pF (decreased by 36.5%, P <0.01) by lumbrokinase (10 and 50 micromol x L(-1)), respectively. Confocal experiments showed that 10 micromol x L(-1) lumbrokinase showed no obvious effects on [Ca2+]i at resting states (P > 0.05). However, the increase of [Ca2+]i induced by 60 mmol x L(-1) KCl was distinctly limited by 10 micromol x L(-1) lumbrokinase (P <0.01). Within 240 s, the no obvious peak value of fluorescent intensity (FI) was shown.


Lumbrokinase showed protective action against myocardial infarction in rats. The possible mechanisms of anti-ischemia could be attributed to decreasing ICa-L and [Ca2+] of ventricular myocytes in rats.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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