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Zentralbl Gynakol. 2006 Jun;128(3):149-52.

[Antibiotic prophylaxis in cesarean section -- piperacillin versus piperacillin/tazobactam in 300 cesarean sections].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Zentrum für Frauenheilkunde, Klinikum der Universität Essen.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Antibiotic prophylaxis is a standard procedure in obstetric surgery and has been discussed in various investigations. Use of treatment is judged by high efficacy and good tolerance.

METHOD:

In 300 patients undergoing cesarean sections we compared results of application of Piperacillin 4 g and Piperacillin/Tazobactam 4.5 g after cut of umbilical cord. Tazobactam/Piperacillin is a combination of a broad-spectrum penicillin and a beta-lactamase inhibitor with increased toxicity against staph. aureus, enterobacter, and other germs responsible for local and systemic infections in obstetric surgery.

RESULTS:

We did not observe any severe adverse effects. Rate of severe wound infections was 1.3 % (Tazobactam/Piperacillin) and 2 % (Piperacillin alone). The difference showed no statistic significance (p > 0.01). During postoperative course we found a higher increase of CRP (p < 0.01) in the Piperacillin group. CRP proved to be a useful objective parameter to distinguish between patients with or without postoperative infections. No differences were found in the number of leucocytes, time in hospital and other parameters.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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