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Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2007 Jan;34(1):68-77. Epub 2006 Jun 6.

Evaluation of a new biotin-DOTA conjugate for pretargeted antibody-guided radioimmunotherapy (PAGRIT).

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  • 1Division of Nuclear Medicine, European Institute of Oncology, Via Ripamonti 435, 20141, Milan, Italy.



A novel biotin-DOTA conjugate (r-BHD: reduced biotinamidohexylamine-DOTA) was investigated in order to provide an efficient pretargeted antibody-guided radioimmunotherapy (PAGRIT) application. Preclinical and clinical results are described.


(90)Y and (177)Lu were used to label r-BHD. The effect of pH and a wide range of specific activities were studied. Radiolabelled r-BHD was tested for affinity towards avidin and for stability in saline or in human serum with and without ascorbic acid. Pharmacokinetic data were collected and organ biodistribution evaluated in a tumour-bearing pretargeted animal model. A pilot study was performed in a metastatic melanoma patient and dosimetry was estimated.


High radiochemical purity (>99%) was routinely achieved with (90)Y or (177)Lu in sodium acetate buffer (1.0 M, pH 5.0) at a specific activity of 2.6 MBq/nmol. Both (90)Y- and (177)Lu-r-BHD were also prepared at higher specific activities. Radiolabelled r-BHD was stable up to 96 h in human serum and saline with the addition of ascorbic acid. The structural modifications proposed for the r-BHD stabilised it against enzymatic degradation while retaining high binding affinity for avidin. Renal clearance appeared to be the main route of excretion in animals, and high tumour uptake was observed in the pretargeted animals. The patient study showed a total body clearance of approximately 85% in 24 h, with a kidney absorbed dose of 1.5 mGy/MBq. Tumour uptake was rapid and the calculated dose to a 10-mm tumour lesion was approximately 12 mGy/MBq.


These results indicate that the new biotin-DOTA conjugate may be a suitable candidate for pretargeting trials.

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