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J Biol Chem. 2006 Aug 4;281(31):22180-9. Epub 2006 Jun 5.

Modulation of GABA(A) receptor phosphorylation and membrane trafficking by phospholipase C-related inactive protein/protein phosphatase 1 and 2A signaling complex underlying brain-derived neurotrophic factor-dependent regulation of GABAergic inhibition.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Faculty of Dental Science and Station for Collaborative Research, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.


Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) modulates several distinct aspects of synaptic transmission, including GABAergic transmission. Exposure to BDNF alters properties of GABA(A) receptors and induces changes in the expression level at the cell surface. Although phospholipase C-related inactive protein-1 (PRIP-1) plays an important role in GABA(A) receptor trafficking and function, its role in BDNF-dependent modulation of these receptors, together with the role of PRIP-2, was investigated using neurons cultured from PRIP double knock-out mice. The BDNF-dependent inhibition of whole cell GABA-evoked currents observed in wild type neurons was not detected in neurons cultured from knock-out mice. Instead, a gradual increase in GABA-evoked currents in these neurons correlated with a gradual increase in phosphorylation of GABA(A) receptor beta3 subunit in response to BDNF. To characterize the specific role(s) that PRIP plays as components of underlying molecular machinery, we examined the recruitment of protein phosphatase(s) to GABA(A) receptors. We demonstrate that PRIP associates with phosphatases as well as with beta subunits. PRIP was found to colocalize with GABA(A) receptor clusters in cultured neurons and with recombinant GABA(A) receptors when co-expressed in HEK293 cells. Importantly, a peptide mimicking a domain of PRIP involved in binding to beta subunits disrupted the co-localization of these proteins in HEK293 cells and potently inhibited the BDNF-mediated attenuation of GABA(A) receptor currents in wild type neurons. Together, the results suggest that PRIP plays an important role in BDNF-dependent regulation of GABA(A) receptors by mediating the specific association between beta subunits of these receptors with protein phosphatases.

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