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J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2006 Apr;34(2):203-219. Epub 2006 Apr 29.

Preventing depression among early adolescents in the primary care setting: a randomized controlled study of the Penn Resiliency Program.

Author information

  • 1Psychology Department, Swarthmore College, 500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081, USA. jgillha1@swarthmore.edu

Erratum in

  • J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2008 Feb;36(2):297-8.


This study evaluated the Penn Resiliency Program's effectiveness in preventing depression when delivered by therapists in a primary care setting. Two-hundred and seventy-one 11- and 12-year-olds, with elevated depressive symptoms, were randomized to PRP or usual care. Over the 2-year follow-up, PRP improved explanatory style for positive events. PRP's effects on depressive symptoms and explanatory style for negative events were moderated by sex, with girls benefiting more than boys. Stronger effects were seen in high-fidelity groups than low-fidelity groups. PRP did not significantly prevent depressive disorders but significantly prevented depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorders (when combined) among high-symptom participants. Findings are discussed in relation to previous PRP studies and research on the dissemination of psychological interventions.

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