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Ann Vasc Surg. 2006 Sep;20(5):609-13. Epub 2006 May 31.

Chronic renal insufficiency and risk of early mortality in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Vascular Surgery, Academic Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium. erik.debing@az.vub.ac.be

Abstract

We compared early outcome after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients (n = 857 with 1,011 CEA interventions) with and without chronic renal insufficiency (CRI). Two groups were compared: a group with normal renal function (n = 909) and a group with CRI (creatinine >/=1.5 mg/dL and clearance of </=30 mL/min, as well as dialysis and transplant patients, n = 102). Mean age was significantly higher in CRI patients (71.22 vs. 68.33 years, p = 0.001). The incidence of smokers was 53.9% in the non-CRI group vs. 39.2% in CRI patients (p = 0.005). Hypertension (88.2% vs. 75.1, p = 0.003) and cardiac disease (58.8% vs. 47.4%, p = 0.029) were more common in the CRI group. The perioperative mortality rate was significantly higher in CRI patients (3.9% vs. 1.0%, p = 0.013). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between CRI and 30-day death rate (odds ratio = 3.76, p = 0.032). In this series, CRI patients presented an increased mortality. The mortality risk may be related to the increased rates of preoperative hypertension and coronary disease and perioperative myocardial infarction. A more reserved attitude seems indicated in planning CEA for patients with renal dysfunction in combination with a history of coronary artery disease.

PMID:
16741650
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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