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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Jun;30(6):1023-30.

The epidemiology of drinking among women of child-bearing age.

Author information

  • 1University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston, Dallas Regional Campus, Houston, Texas 75390, USA. Raul.Caetano@UTSouthwestern.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To estimate the prevalence of drinking, binge drinking (4 or more drinks), and alcohol abuse and dependence and to identify predictors of heavier drinking among women of child-bearing age (18-44 years).

METHODS:

Subjects are part of a national multistage random sample from the 2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).

RESULTS:

Binge drinking, abuse, and dependence are higher in younger (<30 years) pregnant and nonpregnant women. Among pregnant women, binge drinking is highest among Whites; alcohol abuse and dependence rates are relatively low and similar in all racial/ethnic groups. Among nonpregnant women, Whites and mixed race women have the highest rates of binge drinking. Alcohol abuse and dependence are highest among Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders, followed by Native American/Alaska Native women. Women who are White, younger (21-29 years), single, or cohabiting and with a higher income (> 40,000 US dollars) are at a higher risk for heavier drinking.

CONCLUSIONS:

Drinking and heavier drinking remain at high levels among women of child-bearing age. Prevention efforts must be comprehensive and should target pregnant women who are drinking and those who could become pregnant and are drinking at high-risk levels.

PMID:
16737461
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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