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J Cell Biol. 2006 Jun 5;173(5):795-807. Epub 2006 May 30.

Mapping of tetraspanin-enriched microdomains that can function as gateways for HIV-1.

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  • 1Graduate Program in Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA.

Abstract

Specific spatial arrangements of proteins and lipids are central to the coordination of many biological processes. Tetraspanins have been proposed to laterally organize cellular membranes via specific associations with each other and with distinct integrins. Here, we reveal the presence of tetraspanin-enriched microdomains (TEMs) containing the tetraspanins CD9, CD63, CD81, and CD82 at the plasma membrane. Fluorescence and immunoelectron microscopic analyses document that the surface of HeLa cells is covered by several hundred TEMs, each extending over a few hundred nanometers and containing predominantly two or more tetraspanins. Further, we reveal that the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Gag protein, which directs viral assembly and release, accumulates at surface TEMs together with the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. TSG101 and VPS28, components of the mammalian ESCRT1 (endosomal sorting complex required for transport), which is part of the cellular extravesiculation machinery critical for HIV-1 budding, are also recruited to cell surface TEMs upon virus expression, suggesting that HIV-1 egress can be gated through these newly mapped microdomains.

PMID:
16735575
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2063894
Free PMC Article
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