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Effect of diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin on renal superoxide dismutases in the rat. A radioimmunoassay and immunohistochemical study.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Yamanashi Medical College, Japan.

Abstract

Two forms of superoxide dismutase, CuZn-SOD and MnSOD, have been investigated in the kidneys of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats using both radio-immunoassay and immunoenzyme staining. The rats were killed 2, 8 and 12 weeks after the induction of diabetes mellitus and the kidneys excised. Two weeks after the induction of diabetes, the kidneys were hypertrophied because of the proliferation of renal tubular epithelium. However, the total CuZnSOD content of the kidneys did not increase and, because of the epithelial proliferation, the CuZnSOD concentration in each proximal tubular cell was decreased. Armanni-Ebstein lesions were found in the distal tubules 8 and 12 weeks after the induction of diabetes. The cells in these lesions were intensely stained for CuZnSOD, suggesting an adaptive response to the enhanced oxidative stress. The MnSOD staining in the thick ascending limbs of Henle's loops was enhanced in the diabetic kidneys, while that in the cortical tubules was unaltered. MnSOD was assumed to increase in response to hypermetabolism associated with the proliferation of renal tubules. This was most marked in the cells which were rich in mitochondria, again suggesting an adaptive response to enhanced oxidative stress induced by diabetes mellitus. The glomeruli of both the diabetic and control groups were not stained for SODs, and no significant microscopic change was found even 12 weeks after the induction of diabetes mellitus.

PMID:
1673279
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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