Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Endocrinol. 2006 Jun;154(6):819-25.

Thyrotropin, but not a polymorphism in type II deiodinase, predicts response to paroxetine in major depression.

Author information

  • 1Department of Endocrinology, Academic Medical Center, The Netherlands. j.p.brouwer@amc.uva.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The determinants of response to antidepressant treatment in major depression are unknown at present. The aim of the present study was to establish whether response is predicted by Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Thyroid (HPT) axis parameters or by a recently discovered polymorphism in the enzyme type II deiodinase (DII), which catalyzes the production of T3 in the brain.

DESIGN:

We analyzed prediction of response to paroxetine treatment by calculating response rates per tertile of HPT-axis parameters and per DII genotype.

METHODS:

Ninety-eight outpatients with major depression (DSM-IV) were included. Serum concentrations of TSH, FT4 and delta TSH in a DEX/CRH-TRH test were measured. In addition, the presence of a polymorphism in the DII sequence (Thr92Ala) was determined.

RESULTS:

The overall treatment response was 48 of 98 patients (49%). After exclusion of patients with subclinical hypothyroidism and/or TPO antibodies (n = 16), higher serum TSH significantly predicted response (response rate per tertile from low to high TSH: 36%, 42%, and 67%). Heterozygous patients for the DII polymorphism (44%) had slightly lower serum TSH (P = 0.03) as compared to patients with the wild-type DII (47%). The polymorphism was unrelated to treatment response.

CONCLUSION:

Higher serum TSH was associated with response to paroxetine in patients with major depression.

PMID:
16728541
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk