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Theriogenology. 1995 Sep;44(4):571-9.

Comparisons between three different extenders for canine intrauterine insemination with frozen-thawed spermatozoa.

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  • 1Department of Small Animal Reproduction, Veterinary College, University of Li├Ęge, Belgium.


Ejaculates from 7 dogs were obtained on the same day and were pooled. This pooled semen was separated into 3 equal fractions and processed simultaneously, the only difference being in the extender used for freezing. The extenders were laiciphos (containing laiciphos, egg yolk, distilled water and glycerol- Group 1); Tes/Tris (containing Tes/Tris, egg yolk, distilled water and glycerol- Group 2); and biociphos (containing biociphos with glycerol in it, egg yolk and distilled water- Group 3). Spermatozoa were conditioned in 0.5ml French straws and presented normal characteristics before freezing and after thawing. The sperm concentration of the pooled was 683 x 10(6) sperm/ml; sperm motility was above 95%, the percentage of live spermatozoa was above 95% and was of good quality and mobility. Characteristics of the spermatozoa after thawing were the same for spermatozoa frozen with laiciphos and Tes/Tris. Mean sperm concentration was 201.5 +/- 4.95 x 10(6) sperm/ml, sperm motility was 65%, the percentage of live spermatozoa was 80% and the quality of motility.was good. Spermtozoa frozen with biociphos had the following post-thaw characteristics: sperm concentration was 201 x 10(6) sperm/ml, sperm motility was 50%, the percentage of live spermatozoa was 78% and the quality of mobility was medium. Abnormalities were less than 15% for all spermatozoa after thawing. Intrauterine artificial inseminations were performed by laparoscopic intrauterine insemination twice at Days 3 and 5 after the estimated LH peak in 15 normally cyclic Beagle bitches (5 per group) presenting normal hormonal profiles. There were no differences between groups. The females were inseminated with 1.0 ml of spermoatozoa (concentration of 200 x 10(6) sperm/ml) diluted with 1.0 ml of extender. A 60% pregnancy rate was obtained in bitches inseminated with frozen-thawed spermatozoa extended with laiciphos or Tes/Tris and 100% in bitches inseminated with spermatozoa extended with biociphos. Females inseminated with laiciphos, Tes/Tris and biociphos had a mean litter size of 5 +/- 2.6, 3 +/- 1 and 3.4 +/- 1.3 pups, respectively. This study demonstrated that post-thaw assessment of sperm characteristics is not the best technique for evaluating sperm fertility after freezing or for assessing different semen extenders.


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