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Theriogenology. 1989 Jun;31(6):1201-7.

Developmental competence of pig oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro.

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  • 1Istituto di Fisiologia Veterinaria Via Belmeloro 8/2 40126 Bologna Italy.

Abstract

Pig follicles 3 to 6 mm in diameter were everted and matured for 44 h. The oocytes were then collected and exposed to capacitated boar sperm purified by centrifugation in a two step (65 and 70%) Percoll gradient. Of 110 ova fixed 14 h after in vitro fertilization, 78% were penetrated and 47% were monospermic. Next, 681 oocytes were cultured in vitro for 44 h after in vitro fertilization and the 266 embryos which had reached the two- to four-cell stage were transferred into the oviducts of 12 synchronized recipient gilts. Four days later, 211 embryos (79%) were recovered by uterine flushing. 40.7% of these were at the blastocyst stage, and 20% were at the morula stage. In a final experiment, four out of eight gilts which had received 40 to 50 two- to four-cell embryos, were diagnosed pregnant 30 and 37 d after in vitro fertilization. One sow farrowed nine live piglets and one stillborn, two pregnancies were in progress, while one sow returned to estrus 47 d after in vitro fertilization. These results demonstrate that pig oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro can develop to the blastocyst stage and establish a normal pregnancy resulting in the birth of live piglets.

PMID:
16726638
[PubMed]
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