Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Theriogenology. 1989 Jun;31(6):1201-7.

Developmental competence of pig oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro.

Author information

  • 1Istituto di Fisiologia Veterinaria Via Belmeloro 8/2 40126 Bologna Italy.


Pig follicles 3 to 6 mm in diameter were everted and matured for 44 h. The oocytes were then collected and exposed to capacitated boar sperm purified by centrifugation in a two step (65 and 70%) Percoll gradient. Of 110 ova fixed 14 h after in vitro fertilization, 78% were penetrated and 47% were monospermic. Next, 681 oocytes were cultured in vitro for 44 h after in vitro fertilization and the 266 embryos which had reached the two- to four-cell stage were transferred into the oviducts of 12 synchronized recipient gilts. Four days later, 211 embryos (79%) were recovered by uterine flushing. 40.7% of these were at the blastocyst stage, and 20% were at the morula stage. In a final experiment, four out of eight gilts which had received 40 to 50 two- to four-cell embryos, were diagnosed pregnant 30 and 37 d after in vitro fertilization. One sow farrowed nine live piglets and one stillborn, two pregnancies were in progress, while one sow returned to estrus 47 d after in vitro fertilization. These results demonstrate that pig oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro can develop to the blastocyst stage and establish a normal pregnancy resulting in the birth of live piglets.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk