Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Dent Res. 2006 Jun;85(6):520-3.

Simvastatin decreases IL-6 and IL-8 production in epithelial cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Periodontology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Sakuragaoka 8-35-1, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan.


Many cardiovascular studies have suggested that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl co-enzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) have anti-inflammatory effects independent of cholesterol lowering. As a chronic inflammatory disease, periodontitis shares some mechanisms with atherosclerosis. Since oral epithelial cells participate importantly in periodontal inflammation, we measured simvastatin effects on interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 production by cultured human epithelial cell line (KB cells) in response to interleukin-1alpha. Simvastatin decreased production, an effect reversed by adding mevalonate or geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, but not farnesyl pyrophosphate. Simvastatin was found to reduce NF-kappaB and AP-1 promoter activity in KB cells. Dominant-negative Rac1 severely inhibited interleukin-1alpha-induced NF-kappaB and AP-1 promoter activity. Our results may indicate an anti-inflammatory effect of simvastatin on human oral epithelial cells, apparently involving Rac1 GTPase inhibition.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk