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J Phys Chem A. 2006 Jun 1;110(21):6874-85.

Kinetics, mechanism, and thermochemistry of the gas phase reaction of atomic chlorine with dimethyl sulfoxide.

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  • 1School of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0400, USA.


A laser flash photolysis-resonance fluorescence technique has been employed to study the kinetics of the reaction of chlorine atoms with dimethyl sulfoxide (CH3S(O)CH3; DMSO) as a function of temperature (270-571 K) and pressure (5-500 Torr) in nitrogen bath gas. At T = 296 K and P > or = 5 Torr, measured rate coefficients increase with increasing pressure. Combining our data with literature values for low-pressure rate coefficients (0.5-3 Torr He) leads to a rate coefficient for the pressure independent H-transfer channel of k1a = 1.45 x 10(-11) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) and the following falloff parameters for the pressure-dependent addition channel in N2 bath gas: k(1b,0) = 2.53 x 10(-28) cm6 molecule(-2) s(-1); k(1b,infinity) = 1.17 x 10(-10) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1), F(c) = 0.503. At the 95% confidence level, both k1a and k1b(P) have estimated accuracies of +/-30%. At T > 430 K, where adduct decomposition is fast enough that only the H-transfer pathway is important, measured rate coefficients are independent of pressure (30-100 Torr N2) and increase with increasing temperature. The following Arrhenius expression adequately describes the temperature dependence of the rate coefficients measured at over the range 438-571 K: k1a = (4.6 +/- 0.4) x 10(-11) exp[-(472 +/- 40)/T) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) (uncertainties are 2sigma, precision only). When our data at T > 430 K are combined with values for k1a at temperatures of 273-335 K that are obtained by correcting reported low-pressure rate coefficients from discharge flow studies to remove the contribution from the pressure-dependent channel, the following modified Arrhenius expression best describes the derived temperature dependence: k1a = 1.34 x 10(-15)T(1.40) exp(+383/T) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) (273 K < or = T < or = 571 K). At temperatures around 330 K, reversible addition is observed, thus allowing equilibrium constants for Cl-DMSO formation and dissociation to be determined. A third-law analysis of the equilibrium data using structural information obtained from electronic structure calculations leads to the following thermochemical parameters for the association reaction: delta(r)H(o)298 = -72.8 +/- 2.9 kJ mol(-1), deltaH(o)0 = -71.5 +/- 3.3 kJ mol(-1), and delta(r)S(o)298 = -110.6 +/- 4.0 J K(-1) mol(-1). In conjunction with standard enthalpies of formation of Cl and DMSO taken from the literature, the above values for delta(r)H(o) lead to the following values for the standard enthalpy of formation of Cl-DMSO: delta(f)H(o)298 = -102.7 +/- 4.9 kJ mol(-1) and delta(r)H(o)0 = -84.4 +/- 5.8 kJ mol(-1). Uncertainties in the above thermochemical parameters represent estimated accuracy at the 95% confidence level. In agreement with one published theoretical study, electronic structure calculations using density functional theory and G3B3 theory reproduce the experimental adduct bond strength quite well.

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