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Cell Cycle. 2006 Jun;5(11):1143-7. Epub 2006 Jun 1.

Y-box binding protein 1: providing a new angle on translational regulation.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Child and Family Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Canada. evdokimo@interchange.ubc.ca

Abstract

Current models of translational regulation are mostly focused on how translational factors engage a messenger mRNA to the ribosome to initiate translation. Since the majority of mRNAs in eukaryotes are translated in a cap-dependent manner, the mRNA 5' cap-binding protein eIF4E was characterized as a key player responsible for the recruitment of mRNAs to the initiation complex. The availability of eIF4E is believed to be especially critical for translational activation of mRNAs with extensive secondary structures in their 5'UTRs, many of which code for labile regulatory proteins essential for cell growth or viability. Surprisingly, little attention is paid to the other side of translational control, e.g., to define mechanisms responsible for translational silencing and storage of the above messages. In this review, we discuss the possibility that eIF4E per se may not be sufficient to release mRNAs from translational block. We found that many growth- and stress-related mRNAs are associated with the translational repressor YB-1, which can compete with the eIF4E-driven translation initiation complex for binding to the capped 5' mRNA terminus. Moreover, the cap-dependent repressor activity of YB-1 appears to be negatively regulated via Akt-mediated phosphorylation of the Ser-102 residue of YB-1. Taken together with recent evidence suggesting that translational activation of growth-related messages is a primary cellular response to activation of Ras-Erk and PI3K-Akt signaling pathways, our data suggest that differential expression of specific mRNA subsets is regulated by the PI3K-Akt pathway and achieved via coordinated activation of the components of translational machinery and inactivation of general translational repressors such as YB-1.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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