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Nucl Med Biol. 2006 May;33(4):529-34. Epub 2006 May 2.

Asialoglycoprotein-receptor-targeted hepatocyte imaging using 99mTc galactosylated chitosan.

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  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Chonbuk National University School of Medicine, Jeonju, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

This study investigated the usefulness of 99mTc hydrazinonicotinamide-galactosylated chitosan (HGC) in hepatocyte imaging. HGC was obtained by coupling the galactose moiety of both lactobionic acid and succinimidyl 6-hydrazinonicotinate hydrochloride (succinimidyl HYNIC). The coupled product was then radiolabeled with 99mTc using stannous chloride and tricine as reducing agent and coligand, respectively. Labeling efficiency was >90% both in room temperature and in serum up to 24 h after injection. The hepatic uptake properties of 99mTc HGC were studied in Balb/C mice. 99mTc HGC and 99mTc hydrazinonicotinamide chitosan (HC) were intravenously injected into mice, with receptor binding identified by coinjection with 9 and 14 mg of free galactose. Images were acquired with a gamma-camera. After injection via the tail vein of the mice, 99mTc HGC showed high selectivity for the liver, while 99mTc HC without a galactose group showed low liver uptake. In addition, the hepatic uptake of 99mTc HGC was blocked by coinjection of free galactose. Tissue distribution was determined at three different times (10, 60 and 120 min). The liver accumulated 13.16+/-2.72%, 16.11+/-5.70% and 16.55+/-2.28% of the injected dose per gram at 10, 60 and 120 min after injection, respectively. 99mTc HGC showed specific and rapid targeting of hepatocytes. It is a promising receptor-specific radiopharmaceutical with potential applications in liver imaging for the evaluation of hepatocytic function.

PMID:
16720245
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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