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Surg Neurol. 2006 Jun;65(6):611-4.

A large arachnoid cyst of the lateral ventricle extending from the supracerebellar cistern--case report.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Kangwon National University, College of Medicine, Chunchon 200-701, South Korea.



The pathogenetic mechanism of intraventricular arachnoid cyst development is still controversial, but is believed to originate from the vascular mesenchyme or as an extension of the arachnoid cyst in the subarachnoid space into the ventricle through the choroidal fissure. We report a case supporting the extension hypothesis and suggest differential points between an intraventricular arachnoid cyst that extended from the supracerebellar space and a lateral ventricular diverticulum that extended into the supracerebellar cistern.


A 12-month-old girl presented with macrocephaly and developmental delay. Her magnetic resonance imaging showed an arachnoid cyst that had developed from the supracerebellar space in the posterior fossa, and which extended into the left lateral ventricle resulting in expansion of the left lateral ventricle and displacing the choroids plexus anteriorly and laterally and the midline to the right. We treated an intraventricular arachnoid cyst by endoscopic fenestration resulting in dramatic reduction of the intraventricular arachnoid cyst with large bilateral subdural fluid collection. We performed a subduroperitoneal shunt for subdural fluid collection and subsequent cystoperitoneal shunt for the remnant cyst.


We suggest that this case supports the extension hypothesis from the subarachnoid space through the choroidal fissure into the lateral ventricle. We also suggest that one of the radiological differential points between an intraventricular arachnoid cyst and a ventricular diverticulum is displacement and compression of the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle.

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