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Mol Cell. 2006 May 19;22(4):489-99.

A kinase-independent function of c-Abl in promoting proteolytic destruction of damaged DNA binding proteins.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Medical College and Graduate School of Medical Sciences of Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA.

Abstract

Damaged DNA binding proteins (DDBs) play a critical role in the initial recognition of UV-damaged DNA and mediate recruitment of nucleotide excision repair factors. Previous studies identified DDB2 as a target of the CUL-4A ubiquitin ligase. However, the biochemical mechanism governing DDB proteolysis and its underlying physiological function in the removal of UV-induced DNA damage are largely unknown. Here, we report that the c-Abl nonreceptor tyrosine kinase negatively regulates the repair of UV-induced photolesions on genomic DNA. Biochemical studies revealed that c-Abl promotes CUL-4A-mediated DDB ubiquitination and degradation in a manner that does not require its tyrosine kinase activity both under normal growth conditions and following UV irradiation. Moreover, c-Abl activates DDB degradation in part by alleviating the inhibitory effect of CAND1/TIP120A on CUL-4A. These results revealed a kinase-independent function of c-Abl in a ubiquitin-proteolytic pathway that regulates the damage recognition step of nucleotide excision repair.

PMID:
16713579
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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