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Cardiology. 2006;106(4):256-63. Epub 2006 May 18.

Effect of simvastatin on coronary lesion site remodeling: a serial intravascular ultrasound study.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.



Direct evidence of coronary artery remodeling can be derived only from serial changes in the external elastic membrane (EEM) and plaque area. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of simvastatin on coronary remodeling in serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) studies.


In 39 male patients ECG-triggered transducer pullback IVUS was performed at baseline, after 3 months on a lipid-lowering diet (control period), and after another 12 months of simvastatin 40 mg/day. The lesion site was the image slice with maximum plaque burden at 3 months.


Absolute changes in the EEM area correlated significantly with changes in plaque area during the control period [B = 0.966, r = 0.792 (95% CI 0.71-1.22); p < 0.001] and during simvastatin treatment [B = 0.945, r = 0.822 (95% CI 0.73-1.16); p < 0.001], but there was no significant difference in the slope (delta EEM/delta plaque) between the two time intervals. After 12 months of simvastatin, there was a significant reduction in the lesion EEM area of 4.6% (p = 0.006) and in the lesion plaque area of 5.9% (p < 0.001), but there was no change in reference measurements. As a result, the remodeling index was reduced by simvastatin from 1.01 +/- 0.12 to 0.95 +/- 0.09 (p < 0.001).


Simvastatin decreases the remodeling index by reducing lesion, but not reference plaque and EEM area. However, simvastatin does not affect direct evidence of remodeling (delta EEM/delta plaque) obtained using serial IVUS studies.

2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

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