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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 Aug;318(2):579-88. Epub 2006 May 18.

Diadenosine polyphosphate analog controls postsynaptic excitation in CA3-CA1 synapses via a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism.

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  • 1Department of Cellular Membranology, Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, Kiev, Ukraine, Russia.


Previously, we have described the modulatory effect of diadenosine polyphosphates Ap4A and Ap5A on synaptic transmission in the rat hippocampal slices mediated by presynaptic receptors (Klishin et al., 1994). In contrast, we now describe how nonhydrolyzable Ap4A analog diadenosine-5',5'''-P1,P4-[beta,beta'-methylene]tetraphosphate (AppCH2ppA) at low micromolar concentrations exerts strong nondesensitizing inhibition of orthodromically evoked field potentials (OFPs) without affecting the amplitude of excitatory postsynaptic currents and antidromically evoked field potentials, as recorded in hippocampal CA1 zone. The effects of AppCH2ppA on OFPs are eliminated by a P2 receptor antagonist pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulfonic acid (PPADS) but not mimicked by purinoceptor agonists alpha,beta-methylene-ATP and adenosine 5'-O-(3-thio)-triphosphate, indicating that a P2-like receptor is involved but not one belonging to the conventional P2X/P2Y receptor classes. Diadenosine polyphosphate receptor (P4) antagonist Ip4I (diinosine tetraphosphate) was unable to modulate AppCH2ppA effects. Thus, the PPADS-sensitive P2-like receptor for AppCH2ppA seems to control selectively dendritic excitation of the CA1 neurons. The specific nitric oxide (NO)-scavenger 2-phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-imidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide is shown to significantly attenuate AppCH2ppA-mediated inhibitory effects, indicating that NO is involved in the cascade of events initiated by AppCH2ppA. Further downstream mediation by adenosine A1 receptors is also demonstrated. Hence, AppCH2ppA-mediated effects involve PPADS-sensitive P2-like receptor activation leading to the production of NO that stimulates intracellular synthesis of adenosine, causing in turn postsynaptic A1 receptor activation and subsequent postsynaptic CA1 dendritic inhibition. Such spatially selective postsynaptic dendritic inhibition may influence dendritic electrogenesis in pyramidal neurons and consequently mediate control of neuronal network activity.

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