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Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006 May;15(5):979-87.

NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) Pro187Ser polymorphism and the risk of lung, bladder, and colorectal cancers: a meta-analysis.

Author information

  • 1Gene-Environment Epidemiology Group, IARC, 150, cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France. hashibe@iarc.fr.

Abstract

NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is a cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the two-electron reduction of quinoid compounds into hydroquinones, their less toxic form. A sequence variant at position 609 (C --> T) in the NQO1 gene encodes an enzyme with reduced quinone reductase activity in vitro and thus was hypothesized to affect cancer susceptibility. We conducted meta-analyses focusing on three cancer sites (lung, bladder, and colorectum) to summarize the findings from the current literature and to explore sources of heterogeneity.

RESULTS:

There is no clear association between the NQO1 Pro187Ser polymorphism and lung cancer risk in the three ethnic groups examined: odds ratio (OR(White)) C/T + T/T versus C/C = 1.04 [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.96-1.13], OR(Asian) = 0.99 (95% CI, 0.72-1.34), and OR(Blacks) = 0.95 (95% CI, 0.66-1.36). However, a modestly increased risk was suggested for the variant homozygotes in whites (OR T/T versus C/C, 1.19; 95% CI, 0.94-1.50). Analysis excluding one outlier study suggested the variant allele may be associated with reduced lung cancer risk in Asians. Meta-analyses for bladder and colorectal cancer suggested a statistically significant association with the variant genotypes in whites. In stratified analyses, the NQO1 Pro187Ser variant genotypes were associated with slightly increased lung cancer risk in white ever smokers but not in white never smokers and were mainly associated with a reduced risk of lung adenocarcinoma but not squamous cell carcinoma in Asians.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results from our meta-analyses suggest that the variant NQO1 Pro187Ser genotype may affect individual susceptibility to lung, bladder, and colorectal cancer. Such effects of the NQO1 polymorphism seem to be modified by ethnicity and smoking status.

PMID:
16702380
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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