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Acta Biomater. 2006 Jan;2(1):59-68. Epub 2005 Oct 5.

Mechanisms governing the inelastic deformation of cortical bone and application to trabecular bone.

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  • 1Materials Department, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, 93106, USA. cmercer@engineering.ucsb.edu

Abstract

To understand the inelastic response of bone, a three-part investigation has been conducted. In the first, unload/reload tests have been used to characterize the hysteresis and provide insight into the mechanisms causing the strain. The second part devises a model for the stress/strain response, based on understanding developed from the measurements. The model rationalizes the inelastic deformation in tension, as well as the permanent strain and hysteresis. In the third part, a constitutive law representative of the deformation is selected and used to illustrate the coupled buckling and bending of ligaments that arise when trabecular bone is loaded in compression.

PMID:
16701859
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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