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Acta Biomater. 2005 Jul;1(4):461-70. Epub 2005 Apr 26.

Heparin functionalized PEG gels that modulate protein adsorption for hMSC adhesion and differentiation.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, 80309-0424, USA.

Abstract

Heparin was modified with methacrylate groups, copolymerized with dimethacrylated poly(ethylene glycol), and analyzed as a localized delivery vehicle for bFGF and synthetic extracellular matrix for the differentiation of hMSCs. By deriving cues from molecules normally present in the extracellular matrix (ECM), a complex network of collagens, laminin, fibronectin, glycosaminoglycans, and growth factors, synthetic cell scaffolds can be designed that actively sequester important bioactive signals. Among the glycosaminoglycans, heparin binds reversibly with many proteins, therefore, poly(ethylene glycol) based biomaterials, normally resistant to cell adhesion, functionalized with heparin in order to sequester important proteins, can actively and selectively stimulate desired cell functions. Results demonstrate that methacrylate-modified heparin retained its ability to bind heparin-binding proteins both in solution and when copolymerized with dimethacrylated PEG in a hydrogel. In addition, the heparin functionalized gels can deliver biologically active bFGF for up to 5 weeks. Finally, the gels were examined as a potential scaffold for hMSC culture and were found to promote adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation.

PMID:
16701827
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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