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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2006 Apr;65(4):327-35.

Atypical protein kinase C in neurodegenerative disease II: PKCiota/lambda in tauopathies and alpha-synucleinopathies.

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  • 1Department of Pathology , State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA.


To study the role of atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) in neurodegenerative disease, we investigated the distribution of PKCiota/lambda, an aPKC isoform, in a variety of tauopathies and alpha-synucleinopathies. Immunohistochemical study revealed PKCiota/lambda within tau-positive neurofibrillary inclusions in Alzheimer disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration (CBD), and Pick disease (PiD), within alpha-synuclein-positive Lewy bodies in idiopathic Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, as well as within glial inclusions in multisystem atrophy. We also observed PKCiota/lambda label of actin-rich Hirano bodies in AD, PiD, and elderly individuals. Double immunolabeling and fluorescence resonance energy transfer demonstrated close physical association between PKCiota/lambda and phospho-tau or alpha-synuclein in some neurofibrillary tangles and Lewy bodies. Furthermore, PKCiota/lambda colocalized with p62, a chaperone protein that binds to both aPKC and ubiquitin, in most of these inclusions. PKCiota/lambda also closely associated with the inactivated form of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, GSK-3beta[ser9]. Together, these findings suggest that PKCiota/lambda may play a role in common mechanisms involving the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disease.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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