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Acta Physiol Hung. 1991;78(4):301-8.

Bimodal effect of neuropeptide Y on feeding, and its antagonism by receptor blocking agents in rats.

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  • 1Department of Pathophysiology, Szent-Györgyi Albert University, Szeged, Hungary.


Satiated rats received intracerebroventricular (icv.) injections of several doses of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and the food intake was measured in the following 4 h. The peptide exerted a dose-dependent biphasic effect; the 100 dose significantly suppressed the food intake, but doses of 1 microgram and 5 micrograms stimulated feeding. After the injection of 2 microliters NPY-antiserum (icv., 1:50 dilution), the cumulative food intake decreased significantly in the first 24 h. From the drugs tested the alpha-1-antagonist prazosine (4 micrograms icv.) and the opiate antagonist naloxone (NX, 0.5 micrograms, icv.) selectively inhibited the feeding-stimulatory effect a high icv. dose of NPY. The alpha-2-antagonist yohimbine (4 micrograms icv.) and the non-selective beta-antagonist propranolol (5 micrograms icv.) did not influence either effect of NPY on feeding. The results suggest the involvement of alpha-1-adrenergic and opiate receptors in the food intake-stimulatory effect of a large icv. dose of NPY. The food intake-inhibitory effect of a low icv. peptide dose was not selectively antagonized by the receptor blocking agents used.

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