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Br J Pharmacol. 2006 Jun;148(4):452-8. Epub 2006 May 8.

AT2 receptor-mediated vasodilation in the mouse heart depends on AT1A receptor activation.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Erasmus MC, GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


Angiotensin (Ang) II type 2 (AT(2)) receptors are believed to counteract Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor-mediated effects. Here, we investigated AT(2) receptor-mediated effects on coronary and cardiac contractility in C57BL/6 mice. Hearts were perfused according to Langendorff. Baseline coronary flow (CF) and left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) were 2.7 +/- 0.1 ml min(-1) and 111 +/- 3 mmHg (n = 50), respectively. Ang II (n = 14) concentration dependently decreased CF and LVSP, by maximally 41 +/- 4 and 25 +/- 3%, respectively (pEC(50)s 7.41 +/- 0.12 and 7.65 +/- 0.12). The AT(1) receptor antagonist irbesartan (n = 4) abolished all Ang II-induced changes, whereas the AT(2) receptor antagonist PD123319 (n = 6) enhanced (P < 0.05) the effect of Ang II on CF (to 59 +/- 1%) and LVSP (to 44 +/- 2%), without altering its potency. A similar enhancement was observed in the presence of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester HCl (L-NAME; n = 4). On top of L-NAME, PD123319 no longer affected the response to Ang II (n = 4). The AT(2) receptor agonist CGP42112A (n = 4) did not affect CF or LVSP, nor did CGP42112A (n = 4) alter the constrictor response to the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine. Furthermore, Ang II exerted no effects in hearts of AT(1A)(-/-) mice (n = 5), whereas its effects in hearts of AT(1A)(+/+) wild-type control mice (n = 7) were indistinguishable from those in hearts of C57BL/6 mice. In conclusion, Ang II exerts opposite effects on coronary and cardiac contractility in the mouse heart via activation of AT(1A) and AT(2) receptors. AT(2) receptor-mediated effects depend on NO and occur only in conjunction with AT(1A) receptor activation.

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