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J Chromatogr A. 2006 Jul 28;1122(1-2):35-46. Epub 2006 May 6.

Efficient and non-denaturing membrane solubilization combined with enrichment of membrane protein complexes by detergent/polymer aqueous two-phase partitioning for proteome analysis.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Center for Chemistry and Chemical engineering, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.


It is of central interest in membrane proteomics to establish methods that combine efficient solubilization with enrichment of proteins and intact protein complexes. We have investigated the quantitative and qualitative solubilization efficiency of five commercially available detergents using mitochondria from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as model system. Combining the zwitterionic detergent Zwittergent 3-10 and the non-ionic detergent Triton X-114 resulted in a complementary solubilization of proteins, which was similar to that of the anionic detergent sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The subsequent removal of soluble proteins by detergent/polymer two-phase system partitioning was further enhanced by addition of SDS and increasing pH. A large number of both integral and peripheral membrane protein subunits from mitochondrial membrane protein complexes were identified in the detergent phase. We suggest that the optimized solubilization protocol in combination with detergent/polymer two-phase partitioning is a mild and efficient method for initial enrichment of membrane proteins and membrane protein complexes in proteomic studies.

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