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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2006 Apr;47(4):609-13.

Aldosterone impairs vascular endothelial cell function.

Author information

  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Mibu, Tochigi, Japan.

Abstract

Aldosterone is a mineralocorticoid hormone that plays an important role in regulating electrolyte balance and blood pressure and also participates in endothelial dysfunction. We evaluated the direct effect of aldosterone on human umbilical vein cells (HUVEC). Levels of eNOS phosphorylation by vascular endothelial growth factor were diminished, and the amount of NO produced in response to vascular endothelial growth factor measured as NO2+NO3 was significantly decreased in cells previously incubated with aldosterone. Incubation with aldosterone for 24 h dose-dependently increased Nox4 mRNA expression in HUVEC. Although NF-kappaB was not apparently activated by aldosterone, mRNA levels of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, E-selectin, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in HUVEC were significantly increased after incubation with aldosterone. Thus, aldosterone directly causes the dysregulation of endothelial cell function, which may be partly responsible for high blood pressure and atherosclerosis.

PMID:
16680076
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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