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Microb Pathog. 2006 Jun;40(6):286-92. Epub 2006 May 5.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae subtype-independent induction of proinflammatory cytokines in THP-1 cells.

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  • 1Mail Stop C03, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.


Mycoplasma pneumoniae can be divided into two main subtypes depending on the amino acid sequences of the P1 adhesin and the P65 protein, both located in the attachment organelle. Differences between these subtypes in infectivity, virulence and interaction with host cells have not been extensively studied. Using ELISA to measure released protein and real-time PCR to quantify mRNA, we have demonstrated that both M. pneumoniae subtypes significantly increased tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) at comparable levels in THP-1 cells over a 72 h period of time. However, subtype 2 induced a statistically significant increase (P<0.001) in the release of interleukin-1beta at 24 h post-infection compared to subtype 1. These data provide evidence that the induction of proinflammatory cytokine gene and protein expression by M. pneumoniae is not dependent on the infecting subtype.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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