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J Biol Chem. 2006 Jul 14;281(28):19378-86. Epub 2006 May 4.

Nup214-Nup88 nucleoporin subcomplex is required for CRM1-mediated 60 S preribosomal nuclear export.

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  • 1Department of Tumor Biology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The nuclear pore complex (NPC) conducts macromolecular transport to and from the nucleus and provides a kinetic/hydrophobic barrier composed of phenylalanine-glycine (FG) repeats. Nuclear transport is achieved through permeation of this barrier by transport receptors. The transport receptor CRM1 facilitates export of a large variety of cargoes. Export of the preribosomal 60 S subunit follows this pathway through the adaptor protein NMD3. Using RNA interference, we depleted two FG-containing cytoplasmically oriented NPC complexes, Nup214-Nup88 and Nup358, and investigated CRM1-mediated export. A dramatic defect in NMD3-mediated export of preribosomes was found in Nup214-Nup88-depleted cells, whereas only minor export defects were evident in other CRM1 cargoes or upon depletion of Nup358. We show that the large C-terminal FG domain of Nup214 is not accessible to freely diffusing molecules from the nucleus, indicating that it does not conduct 60 S preribosomes through the NPC. Consistently, derivatives of Nup214 lacking the FG-repeat domain rescued the 60 S export defect. We show that the coiled-coil region of Nup214 is sufficient for 60 S nuclear export, coinciding with recruitment of Nup88 to the NPC. Our data indicate that Nup214 plays independent roles in NPC function by participating in the kinetic/hydrophobic barrier through its FG-rich domain and by enabling NPC gating through association with Nup88.

PMID:
16675447
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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