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J Biol Chem. 2006 Jul 14;281(28):19588-99. Epub 2006 May 4.

Annexin I regulates SKCO-15 cell invasion by signaling through formyl peptide receptors.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.


Annexin 1 (AnxA1) is a multifunctional phospholipid-binding protein associated with the development of metastasis in some invasive epithelial malignancies. However, the role of AnxA1 in the migration/invasion of epithelial cells is not known. In this study, experiments were performed to investigate the role of AnxA1 in the invasion of a model epithelial cell line, SKCO-15, derived from colorectal adenocarcinoma. Small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of AnxA1 expression resulted in a significant reduction in invasion through Matrigel-coated filters. Localization studies revealed a translocation of AnxA1 to the cell surface upon the induction of cell migration, and functional inhibition of cell surface AnxA1 using antiserum (LCO1) significantly reduced cell invasion. Conversely, SKCO-15 cell invasion was increased by approximately 2-fold in the presence of recombinant full-length AnxA1 and the AnxA1 N-terminal-derived peptide mimetic, Ac2-26. Because extracellular AnxA1 has been shown to regulate leukocyte migratory events through interactions with n-formyl peptide receptors (nFPRs), we examined the expression of FPR-1, FPRL-1, and FPRL-2 in SKCO-15 cells by reverse transcriptase-PCR and identified expression of all three receptors in this cell line. Treatment of SKCO-15 cells with AnxA1, Ac2-26, and the classical nFPR agonist, formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine, induced intracellular calcium release consistent with nFPR activation. Furthermore, the nFPR antagonist, Boc2, abrogated the AnxA1 and Ac2-26-induced intracellular calcium release and increase in SKCO-15 cell invasion. Together, these results support an autocrine/paracrine role for membrane AnxA1 in stimulating SKCO-15 cell migration through nFPR activation. The findings in this study suggest that activation of nFPRs stimulates epithelial cell motility important in the development of metastasis as well as wound healing.

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