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Appetite. 2006 Jul;47(1):18-23. Epub 2006 May 3.

Effects of snacks on energy intake: an evolutionary perspective.

Author information

  • 1Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, The Netherlands. kees.degraaf@wur.nl

Abstract

The question addressed in this paper is whether the consumption of snacks contributes to higher energy intake and body weight in humans. Currently available snacks have a higher energy density than most of the foods that were available in Paleolithic diets. Humans have a weak defense against overeating, which is a functional trait from an evolutionary perspective. Various studies found that people do not compensate their energy intake after the consumption of snacks. This is particularly true for energy-containing drinks, which provide calories in liquid form. It is concluded that snack consumption may contribute to a positive energy balance.

PMID:
16675059
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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