Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Physiol. 1991 Mar;95(3):900-8.

Metabolism of Benzyladenine is Impaired in a Mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana Lacking Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase Activity.

Author information

  • 1Biology Department, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada.


Formation of the riboside-5'-monophosphate is a general feature of the metabolism of cytokinins in plants. As part of a study of the biological significance of the nucleotide form of cytokinins, we analyzed a mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana deficient in adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) activity for its ability to metabolize N(6)-benzyladenine (BA). Formation of N(6)-benzyladenosine-5'-monophosphate (BAMP) was assayed in vivo, by feeding tritiated BA to wild-type and mutant plantlets, and in crude plantlet extracts. Metabolites were separated by high performance liquid chromatography and quantitated by on-line liquid scintillation spectrometry. BA was rapidly absorbed by A. thaliana plantlets and primarily converted to BAMP and to BA 7- and 9-glucosides. BA was also rapidly absorbed by APRT-deficient plantlets, but its conversion to BAMP was strongly reduced. Formation of BAMP from N(6)-benzyladenosine was not affected in the mutant plantlets. In vitro conversion of BA to its nucleoside-5'-monophosphate was detected in crude extracts of wild-type plantlets, but not in extracts of APRT-deficient plantlets. Therefore, results of both assays indicate that APRT-deficient tissue does not convert BA to BAMP to a significant extent. Further, nondenaturing isoelectric focusing analysis of APRT activity in leaf extracts indicated that the enzyme activities which metabolize adenine and BA into their corresponding riboside-5'-monophosphate in extracts of wild-type plantlets have the same apparent isoelectric point. These activities were not detected in extracts prepared from APRT-deficient plantlets. Thus, these results demonstrate that APRT is the main enzyme which converts BA to its nucleotide form in young A. thaliana plants and that the ribophosphorylation of BA is not a prerequisite of its absorption by the plantlets.

Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk