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Plant Physiol. 1990 Sep;94(1):312-9.

Composition and Properties of Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposing Systems in Extracellular and Total Extracts from Needles of Norway Spruce (Picea abies L., Karst.).

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  • 1Fraunhofer Institut für Atmosphärische Umweltforschung, Kreuzeckbahnstr. 19, D-8100 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) scavenging systems of spruce (Picea abies) needles were investigated in both extracts obtained from the extracellular space and extracts of total needles. As assessed by the lack of activity of symplastic marker enzymes, the extracellular washing fluid was free from intracellular contaminations. In the extracellular washing fluid ascorbate, glutathione, cysteine, and high specific activities of guaiacol peroxidases were observed. Guaiacol peroxidases in the extracellular washing fluid and needle homogenates had the same catalytic properties, i.e. temperature optimum at 50 degrees C, pH optimum in the range of pH 5 to 6 and low affinity for guaiacol (apparent K(m) = 40 millimolar) and H(2)O(2) (apparent K(m) = 1-3 millimolar). Needle homogenates contained ascorbate peroxidase, dehydroascorbate reductase, monodehydroascorbate reductase, glutathione reductase, and catalase, but not glutathione peroxidase activity. None of these activities was detected in the extracellular washing fluid. Ascorbate and glutathione related enzymes were freeze sensitive; ascorbate peroxidase was labile in the absence of ascorbate. The significance of extracellular antioxidants for the detoxification of injurious oxygen species is discussed.

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