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Plant Physiol. 1989 Nov;91(3):1036-9.

Inactivation of 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-Carboxylate Synthase by l-Vinylglycine as Related to the Mechanism-Based Inactivation of the Enzyme by S-Adenosyl-l-Methionine.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Tohoku University, Kawauchi, Sendai 980, Japan.

Abstract

The pyridoxal phosphate-dependent 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase catalyzes the conversion of S-adenosyl-l-methionine (AdoMet) to ACC, and is inactivated by AdoMet during the reaction. l-Vinylglycine was found to be a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme, and to cause a time-dependent inactivation of the enzyme. The inactivation required the presence of pyridoxal phosphate and followed pseudo-first-order kinetics at various concentrations of l-vinylglycine. The Michaelis constant for l-vinylglycine in the inactivation reaction (K(inact)) was 3.3 millimolar and the maximum rate constant (k(max)) was 0.1 per minute. These findings, coupled with the previous observations that the suicidal action of AdoMet involved a covalent linkage of the aminobutyrate portion of AdoMet to the enzyme, support the view that the mechanism-based inactivation of ACC synthase by the substrate AdoMet proceeds through the formation of a vinylglycine-ACC synthase complex as an intermediate.

PMID:
16667107
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC1062114
Free PMC Article
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